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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51--55

Evaluation of a commercial Dengue NS1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for early diagnosis of dengue infection

A Shrivastava1, PK Dash1, NK Tripathi1, AK Sahni2, N Gopalan1, PV Lakshmana Rao1 
1 Defence Research and Development Establishment, Jhansi Road, Gwalior-474 002, India
2 Army Hospital (Research & Referral) , New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
A Shrivastava
Defence Research and Development Establishment, Jhansi Road, Gwalior-474 002
India

Purpose: Dengue is one of the most serious mosquito-borne viral infections affecting tropical and subtropical countries in the world. Since there is no immunoprophylactic or specific antiviral therapy available, timely and rapid diagnosis plays a vital role in patient management and implementation of control measures. This paper evaluates a commercially available NS1 antigen capture ELISA vis-a-vis SD bioline Dengue NS1 antigen test for early detection of dengue virus. Materials and Methods: To evaluate a commercial NS1 antigen detection kit vis-a-vis SD bioline Dengue NS1 antigen test, a total of 91 clinical samples were tested. Virological investigations with regard to dengue virus, viz. NS1 antigen capture ELISA (Panbio, Australia), SD bioline Dengue NS1 antigen test, RT-PCR and virus isolation were performed. Results: Out of 91 samples, 24 (26%) were positive by NS1 antigen capture ELISA, 15 (16%) by SD bioline Dengue NS1 antigen test and 11(12%) positive by RT-PCR analysis. The RT-PCR-positive samples were further subjected to virus isolation and resulted in three isolates. The results of the Panbio NS1 antigen capture ELISA, SD bioline Dengue NS1 antigen test, RT-PCR and virus isolation were correlated among themselves. Conclusions: The present study comprehensively established the utility of NS1 antigen ELISA in early diagnosis of dengue infection.

How to cite this article:
Shrivastava A, Dash P K, Tripathi N K, Sahni A K, Gopalan N, Lakshmana Rao P V. Evaluation of a commercial Dengue NS1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for early diagnosis of dengue infection.Indian J Med Microbiol 2011;29:51-55

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava A, Dash P K, Tripathi N K, Sahni A K, Gopalan N, Lakshmana Rao P V. Evaluation of a commercial Dengue NS1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for early diagnosis of dengue infection. Indian J Med Microbiol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Oct 27 ];29:51-55
Available from: https://www.ijmm.org/article.asp?issn=0255-0857;year=2011;volume=29;issue=1;spage=51;epage=55;aulast=Shrivastava;type=0