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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 52--54

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections

P Sarguna, V Lakshmi 
 Department of Microbiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad - 500 082, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
V Lakshmi
Department of Microbiology, Nizam«SQ»s Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad - 500 082, Andhra Pradesh

Central nervous system (CNS) shunt infection is a cause of significant morbidity, causing shunt malfunction and chronic ill health. This study was carried out to evaluate the infection rate associated with CNS shunts, assess the frequency of the pathogens as well as their antibiotic sensitivity pattern aiming at suitable prophylaxis. A retrospective analysis of 226 CSF cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt procedures sent for bacteriological work up over a period of one year and six months was undertaken. Laboratory diagnosis was established by subjecting the CSF to cell count, biochemical tests, bacteriological culture and antibiotic susceptibility test. Nine out of 226(3.98%) of the CSF samples were culture positive. Coagulase negative Staphylococcus was the most common isolate accounting for 36.36%. Majority of the isolates were sensitive to the thirdgeneration cephalosporins and quinolones. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern suggests cephalosporins and quinolones to be a better choice of antibiotics either prophylactically or therapeutically, which may result in effective and rapid sterilisation of the CSF.

How to cite this article:
Sarguna P, Lakshmi V. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections.Indian J Med Microbiol 2006;24:52-54

How to cite this URL:
Sarguna P, Lakshmi V. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections. Indian J Med Microbiol [serial online] 2006 [cited 2020 Oct 28 ];24:52-54
Available from:;year=2006;volume=24;issue=1;spage=52;epage=54;aulast=Sarguna;type=0