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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-

An outbreak of vibrio cholerae O139 serogroup associated gastroenteritis in Baroda (Gujarat)

B Duttaroy, V Date, PM Beena 
 Dept. of Microbiology, Medical College, Baroda 390 001, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
V Date
Dept. of Microbiology, Medical College, Baroda 390 001, Gujarat
India

How to cite this article:
Duttaroy B, Date V, Beena P M. An outbreak of vibrio cholerae O139 serogroup associated gastroenteritis in Baroda (Gujarat).Indian J Med Microbiol 2002;20:117-117

How to cite this URL:
Duttaroy B, Date V, Beena P M. An outbreak of vibrio cholerae O139 serogroup associated gastroenteritis in Baroda (Gujarat). Indian J Med Microbiol [serial online] 2002 [cited 2020 Nov 24 ];20:117-117
Available from: https://www.ijmm.org/text.asp?2002/20/2/117/8364

Full Text

Dear Editor,

Outbreaks of V. cholerae O139 associated diarrhoea have been reported from many parts of India after the initial report of emergence of this serogroup in the Indian subcontinent in 1992. It spread rapidly and was reported from distant parts of India like Vellore1, Yavatmal and Ludhiyana.

V. cholerae O1 has been regularly isolated from cases of gastroenteritis in Baroda during outbreaks in the past. An outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in March - April 2000 in Baroda from which 42 isolates culturally and biochemically resembled V. cholerae using standard techniques.2 Thirty strains were identified as O1 Ogawa while twelve were non O1 and were identified as O139 (Biotec, UK).

All O139 serogroup strains were found to be sensitive to ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, tetracycline, nalidixic acid, ampicillin and gentamicin using the disc diffusion technique. Although most strains are sensitive to ciprofloxacin and tetracycline, there are reports of resistance and altered antibiograms.[3],[4]

Isolation of this serogroup is being reported for the first time in Baroda and to the best of our knowledge there is no report of V. cholerae O139 from any part of Gujarat. This emergence underlines the need of monitoring the future outbreaks in this region.

References

1Jesudason MV, John JT. Major shift in prevalence of non-O1 Vibrio cholerae. Lancet 1993; 341:1090.
2Duguid JP, Marmion BP, Swain RHA. Mackie and McCartney Medical Microbiology, 13th ed. (Churchill Livingstone) 1987.
3Ameeta J, Turbadkar D, Deshmukh A, Dalal PJ. Emergence of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Mumbai (Maharashtra, India). Indian J Med Microbiology 1999; 17(4):198.
4Mitra R, Basu A, Datta D, Nair GB, Takeda Y. Resurgence of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Bengal with altered antibiogram in Calcutta, India. Lancet 1996; 348:1181.