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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 358-362

Clonal similarities and sequence-type diversity of invasive and carriage Streptococcus pneumoniae in India among children under 5 Years

1 Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Christian Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 ICMR, National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Balaji Veeraraghavan
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_348

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Background: Pneumococcal pneumonia is one of the major causes of mortality in children less than 5 years in Asia, especially in India. Available PCVs have less serotype coverage in India compared to western countries. Moreover, the baseline pneumococcal serotype and sequence type data is limited and available data doesn't represent the entire India. With this background we aimed to characterize invasive and carriage isolates of S. pneumoniae from a tertiary care hospital in South India. Materials and Methods: A total of 221 S. pneumoniae isolates, invasive (n=138) and carriage (n=83) between the time period of 2012-2018 were included. Isolates was identified and confirmed using standard laboratory protocols. Serotyping was performed by Customized sequential multiplex PCR and MLST as described in Results: The major serotypes were 19F, 6B, 14, 6A and 19A and the sequence types (ST) were ST63, 236 and 230. Predominant STs in invasive was ST 63 whereas in carriage were ST4894 and 1701. High level ST diversity in carriage was observed. Majority of the STs were SLVs or DLVs of previously reported STs or PMEN clones. Phylogenetic analyses of the STs revealed gradual expansion of three PMEN CCs CC320, 63 and 230. Conclusion: The vaccine serotypes were the predominant ones found to be associated with IPD, PMEN clones, new STs and antimicrobial resistance. Accordingly, PCV13 is expected to provide invasive serotype coverage of 75% in Indian children less than 5 years. This study provides baseline serotype and sequence type data prior to the introduction of PCV in South India.


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