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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 543-550

Profiling of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Serotypes B and C and the genotypes in periodontal health and disease

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Maratha Mandal's Nathajirao G. Halgekar Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Belgaum, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swati Setty
Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_17_115

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Background: A. actinomycetemcomitans is prevalent in periodontitis but is found in some periodontally healthy individuals as well. Certain serotypes of the organism have shown to determine severity of the disease. The distribution of serotype and genotype is affected by geographic and ethnic variation. Therefore, the present study was aimed to detect serotypes b & c of A. actinomycetemcomitans and the genotypes and find its correlation with periodontal status. Materials and Methods: A total of 75 subjects (25 aggressive periodontitis, 25 chronic periodontitis and 25 periodontally healthy) in age range of 14-55 yrs were included. Subgingival plaque samples were collected and checked for the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans. Following isolation of the organism, detection of the serotype b or c was done by multiplex PCR. Genotyping of A. actinomycetemcomitans was done by arbitrarily primed PCR(polymerase chain reaction). Results: Out of 75 plaque samples, 35(46.66%) tested positive for A. actinomycetemcomitans. Serotype c was detected in 19/35 (54.28%), whereas serotype b alone was not detected in any of the samples. Two samples were positive for both the serotypes (b and c) (5.71%) and 14 (40%) were untypeable. 14 different arbitrarily primed PCR genotypes were obtained among 35 A. actinomycetemcomitans isolates. Conclusion: Serotype c was predominant in periodontally diseased as well as periodontally healthy individuals. An association could be present between genotype – serotype and genotype – periodontal status.


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