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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 443-445

Diphtheria-like illness in a fully immunised child caused by Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum

1 Department of Microbiology, Mathikere Sampangi Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Ear, Nose, and Throat, Mathikere Sampangi Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
R Shikha
Department of Microbiology, Mathikere Sampangi Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.142250

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Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum is a common commensal flora of the upper respiratory tract in humans. Though the pathogenicity of C. pseudodiphtheriticum is not rare, its role as an opportunistic pathogen is mainly limited to the lower respiratory tract, particularly in patients with underlying systemic conditions or immune-compromisation. We hereby present the first case of C. pseudodiphtheriticum causing diphtheria-like illness affecting the upper respiratory tract of a 6-year-old fully immunised otherwise healthy child. In countries with very low incidence of diphtheria, C. pseudodiphtheriticum should be included in differential diagnosis for a child presenting with diphtheria-like illness. Simple, rapid screening tests should be used to differentiate it from C. diphtheriae and hence, to prevent unnecessary concern in community.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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