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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 333-336

Outbreak of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in renal transplant recipients on prophylaxis: Our observation and experience

1 Department of Microbiology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
P Chandola
Department of Microbiology, Army Hospital Research and Referral, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.136594

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Pneumocystis jirovecii is a life-threatening opportunistic pathogen affecting immunocompromised hosts, especially renal transplant recipients. This study reports an outbreak of seven such cases, both inpatients and outpatients, occurring in our hospital over a period of 4 months (January-April 2013). All patients were male with a median age of 38 years (range, 28-58 years); the median period between transplantation and diagnosis was 39.5 months (range, 11-123 months). One patient succumbed to the infection. Two were breakthrough cases, developing the infection while on prophylaxis, highlighting the need to view prophylaxis in light of the immunosuppression and clinical picture of such patients.


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