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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-12

Prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal infections: A review with an Indian perspective

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Wansbeck General Hospital, Ashington, United Kingdom
2 Department of Microbiology, Sri Venkateswara Medical College, Tirupati, India
3 Civil Assistant Surgeon , Gandhi Medical College, Hyderabad, India
4 Sri Venkateswara Medical College and SVRRG Hospital , Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
S Narava
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Wansbeck General Hospital, Ashington, United Kingdom

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.124286

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Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in many parts of the world. Asymptomatic colonisation of the vagina and rectum with Group B streptococci is common in pregnancy. Maternal colonisation of GBS can vary depending on ethnicity and geographical distribution. Vertical transmission of this organism from mother to foetus may lead to neonatal GBS disease. Intra-partum use of antibiotics in these women has led to a decrease in the rate of early onset but not late onset GBS disease. Identification of women with GBS is the key factor in the prevention of perinatal GBS disease. There are different screening strategies available to identify women at risk of perinatal GBS disease. Clinicians continue to face the challenge of choosing between preventive strategies to reduce the impact of perinatal GBS disease. Controversy exists regarding the ideal preventive strategy. In India, the mortality and morbidity associated with the GBS disease remains largely a under-recognised problem. This comprehensive review summarises the salient features of GBS disease and discusses the epidemiology, risk factors, screening strategies, intra-partum antibiotic prophylaxis with an Indian perspective and how it compares with the Western nations.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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