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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-113

Frequency of HIV type 2 infections among blood donor population from India: A 10-year experience

1 Department of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, India
2 Department of Immunohaematology and Transfusion Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, India

Correspondence Address:
D Daniel
Department of Immunohaematology and Transfusion Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.62485

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Purpose: In India, HIV-2 epidemic is alongside with HIV-1. Blood banks are introducing nucleic acid testing (NAT) for screening. The limitation of NAT systems is the inability to detect HIV-2. Materials and Method : An analysis of HIV screening of a blood bank at a tertiary care center from 1998 to 2007 was carried out. Results : A total of 175026 donors were screened by serological assays and 789 were reactive for HIV antibody. Only 478 (61%) were confirmed positive by Western blot/immunoblot. There were 465 (97.2%) donations positive for HIV-1, 6 (1.3%) for HIV-2 (monotypic infection) and 7 (1.5%) for HIV-1 and HIV-2 (dual infection). Conclusion : We show the presence of HIV-2 infection among the blood donors and the need for incorporating HIV-2 detection also in the NAT systems.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04