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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 88-91

Intestinal parasitic infection in HIV infected patients with diarrhoea in Chennai

Dept. of Microbiology, Dr. ALM PGIBMS, University of Madras, Taramani, Chennai - 600 113, India

Correspondence Address:
S Ananthan
Dept. of Microbiology, Dr. ALM PGIBMS, University of Madras, Taramani, Chennai - 600 113
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17657039

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PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites in HIV patients with and without diarrhoea in Chennai. METHODS: A total of 150 stool samples, 41 - acute diarrhoea, 59 - chronic diarrhoea and 50 control samples without diarrhoea were collected and examined for enteric parasites by microscopy. RESULTS: Enteric parasites were detected in 39% patients with diarrhoea compared to 14% in patients without diarrhoea. Isospora belli was found in 18.6% (11/59) of chronic diarrhoea and 7.3% (3/41) in acute diarrhoea (P > 0.2). Cryptosporidium was detected in 7 cases each in acute and chronic diarrhoea, which was statistically insignificant as compared to the control group (P >0.05). Microsporidia and Cyclospora cayetanensis associated diarrhoea were detected in only one chronic case each 1/59 (1.69 %). CONCLUSIONS: Isospora belli appeared to be a predominant parasite associated with diarrhoea among HIV patients. Detection rate of Microsporidia and Cyclospora was found to be very low.

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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04