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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 167-169

Hepatitis B Virus infection in HIV infected patients

Department of Microbiology, & AIDS Surveillance Centre, Government Medical College, Nagpur

Correspondence Address:
AG Dhanvijay
Department of Microbiology, & AIDS Surveillance Centre, Government Medical College, Nagpur

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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ABSTRACT: 175 serum specimens from patients confirmed to have human immunodificiently virus (HIV) infection were tested for the presence of hepatitis B Surface antigen (HBsAg) of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). These 175 patients were from different high risk groups of HIV infection and were classified into asymptomatic, lymphadenopathy associated syndrome (LAS0, AIDS related complex (ARC) and AIDS categories as per CDC criteria. A commercial latex agglutination test for HBsAg was used for its detection. HBsAg was detected in 49 patients. These 49 patients include 11 blood donors, 9 pulmonary tuberculosis patients, 7 sexually transmitted disease (STD) patients, nine AIDS related illness patients, 3 contacts of HIV positive patients, 3 heterosexuals, 4 hepatitis patients and 1 each with candidiasis, Lymphadenopathy associated syndrome (LAS) and blood transfusion related HIV infected patient. We observed that 28 percent of the HIV infected individuals harbour HBV simultaneously in contrast to 2 percent among controls, the difference is statistically significant (p0,00001). The prevalence of HBsAg was observed in all the stages of HIV infection. The prevalence was slightly more in symptomatic group as compared to asymptomatic groups, but the difference was not statistically significant.

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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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