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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 166-169

Spectrum of bacterial isolates in high risk areas of a tertiary care hospital : 3-year study

Department of Microbiology, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi 29

Correspondence Address:
H Kapoor
Department of Microbiology, Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi 29

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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ABSTRACT: Profile of bacterial isolates from clinical specimens of patients admitted in high risk areas viz. two Intensive Care (ICU) and Neonatal Units of Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, were studied annually from 1995-1997. Gram negative bacteria were the predominant isolates (67.9 percent). Antimicrobial resistance among these isolates was investigated. Klebsiella sp. (30-45 percent) was the commonest from all the high risk areas. A decline in the incidence of Escherichia coli from 9 percent to 1 percent was observed in both the ICUs. There was a sudden spurt of Enterobacter sp. (26 percent) isolation in Neonatal units during late 1995 and early 1996. Baseline data was compiled in 1995 and a special infection control program was instituted following which the rate of antimicrobial resistance among most of the isolates declined by 1997. There was a clear cut correlation between resistance rising during increased antibiotic use and falling after a reduction in use.

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