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Year : 1984  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 67-72

Enterotoxin Production By Various Salmonella Serotypes Isolated From Different Part Of India

Correspondence Address:
Fouad Y Sobeh

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Five hundred & twenty two strains of Salmonellae were isolated from cases of diarrhoea, septicemia and other sources during the years 1979-1983. Of the 522 strains, 46 were found sensitive to all the drugs tested. Prevalent antibiotic resistance pattern in Salmonellae were ACKST (18.6%), AKST (13.6%), ACKT (13.4%), CKT (10.2%) and ACGKT (9.4%). Enterotoxin production was demonstrated by gut ileal loop as well as rabbit’s skin permeability assay in 9.4% of the total strains. The most common toxigenic isolates were S. typhimurium (5.2%) and S. oranienburg (2.3%). Other serotypes viz; S. berta, S. chester, S. bareilly, S. enteritidis, S. Indiana, S. richmond and S. stanley were also among the enterotoxigenic strains. Both, resistant as well as sensitive strains of the various serotypes of Salmonella produced enterotoxin.

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