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   1990| October-December  | Volume 8 | Issue 4  
    Online since January 16, 2010

 
 
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Salmonella Senftenberg Outbreak In The Neonatal Wards Of Nehru Hospital, Chandigarh
D Panigrahi, R. K Rath, Anil Narang
October-December 1990, 8(4):128-132
An outbreak of Salmonella senfternberg started in premature nursery in October 1989 and spread to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and children ward nursery in subsequent months. This epidemic lasted till June 1990. S. senftenberg was isolated from stool samples of 20, from blood of 3 and in 2 cases from both. In one case with positive blood culture, CSF was also positive for S. senftenberg and this baby died. A total of 29 strains were isolated from 26 cases. Out of 26 subjects 22 were neonates and 4 infants. Majority were premature or low birth weight babies. 23.1 per cent had features of septicaemia, and 76.9 percent gastrointestinal manifestations. Environmental study did not reveal any possible source or carrier. The epidemic reappeared after a gap of 4 months indicating the difficulty in its eradication.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Incidence Of Atypical Mycobacteria In Ludhiana
Ray Kumar, S Khurana
October-December 1990, 8(4):139-144
A total of 13 strains of atypical mycobactaria were isolated from the various clinical specimens at Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana during the period from January 1987 to December 1989. This study revealed the incidence of M.tuberculosis and atypical mycobacteria 91.6% & 8.4% respectively out of 155 mycobacterial isolates. The 13 strains of aypical mycobacteria included: M. Kansasii 1, M.scrofulaceum 2, M.intracellulare 3, M.avium 5, M.terrace complex 1 and M.smegmatis 1.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Isolation Of Bacteria From Semen And Cervical Mucus And Their Relationship To Semen Parameters And Sperm Antibody Formation In Infertile Couples
K. P Suresh, M. S Rao, Pratap Kumar Narayan, P.G Shivananda
October-December 1990, 8(4):133-138
A study was undertaken to know the colonization frequency of bacteria in the semen and cervical mucus of 126 infertile couples and to analyse the semen parameters and formation of antisperm antibodies in relation to genital bacteria. Bacteria were isolated from 12% and 8% of fertile men and women and 31.7% and 25.3% of infertile men and women respectively. Although, a statistically significant difference was noted in sperm count and motility (P < .005) between the infertile culture positive and culture negative group, no significant difference was noted in the volume and morphology. We did not find any significant association of antisperm antibodies in the culture positive group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Immunoglobulin Estimation In Meningitis
Shashi Kant, Shashi Kanta, Harbans Lal, Jagdish Chander
October-December 1990, 8(4):145-148
CSF from fifty cases of pyogenic and tuberculous meningitis and twenty controls were analysed for IgG, IgA and IgM by radial immunodiffusion technique. Significant rise in IgG levels was observed in all the cases as compared to controls, the rise being more marked in pyogenic meningitis. IgM and IgA were present in pyogenic and tuberculous meningitis as compared to controls.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Opportunistic Pulmonary Infection By Helicomyces Roseus (Link)
Aruna Shahani, P Prasanna Kumar, K. S Neelakandhan
October-December 1990, 8(4):153-155
Opportunistic fungal infections are common in immunocompromised hosts. This is a report of a case of pulmonary infection by a saprophytic fungus Helicomyces roseus (Link) in a patient of chronic bronchiectasis. To author’s knowledge, this is the first case report of a human infection by H. roseus (Link).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
  505 4 -
Epstein-Barr Virus And Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Nuclear Antigen (RANA) In Rheumatoid Arthritis : A Correlative Study
R Latif, S. P Thyagarajan, S Subramanian, V Jaypal, S Sumathy, S. K Panda, S Srikanth, R Madhavan, A. N Chandrasekaran
October-December 1990, 8(4):121-127
In an attempt to correlate Epstein-Barr Virus and rheumatoid arthritis-associated nuclear antigen (RANA) 87 rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 66 connective tissue disorder and 76 controls were analyzed for antibodies to RANA and antibodies of EBV. Besides screening them for rheumatoid factor by conventional Rose-Waaler and Latex methods, anti-RANA and anti-EBV were screened by an in house agar gel diffusion and ELISA methods respectively. Further correlation was also done by radioimmunoprecipitation. Anti-RANA prevalence was found to be 68.1% in RA when compared to 39.3% in other connective tissue disease and 22.3% in normals, Rheumatoid arthritis patients also showed a higher positivity of Anti EBV (75.8%) when compared to 50% in other arthritis and 47.3% in controls. The breakup analysis has shown a good correlation of anti-RANA and anti-EBV in seropositive group than in seronagative (P < 0.01). Rheumatoid factor positivity has also seen to be dependent on anti-RANA and anti-EBV positivity. Radioimmunoprecipitation study has also revealed the cross-reactivity of RANA and EBV. The above parameter has reasonably RANA as an EBV component.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Salmonella Isolations From Uncommon Sites : The Indian Situation : A Review
M Jayashela, S. N Saxena
October-December 1990, 8(4):116-120
Salmonella group of organisms are known to cause two types of syndromes in man Viz, enteric fever and gastroenteritis. In addition, they can cause a wide variety of infections like meningitis, osteomyelitis and other pyogenic infections and their isolations from every conceivable organ has been well documented world wide.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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Anthrax Meningitis–A Clinical Enigma
Reba Kanungo, S Sujatha, A. K Das, R. S Rao
October-December 1990, 8(4):149-152
Anthrax, now an uncommon disease manifests itself in many rare forms. We report three cases of anthrax meningitis in our hospital in our hospital which posed a problem to the clinicians. In the absence of cutaneous lesions, a diagnosis of cerebrovascular accident and subarachnoid haemorrhage was made. Highly virulent nature of the organism and the fatal outcome of the disease makes it necessary to confirm the diagnosis with bacteriological support to start appropriate therapy, at the earliest.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available   
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