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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 157--164

Current perspectives on biomedical waste management: Rules, conventions and treatment technologies

Malini R Capoor1, Kumar Tapas Bhowmik2 
1 Department of Microbiology, Bio-medical Waste Unit, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy, Bio-medical Waste Unit, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Malini R Capoor
Department of Microbiology, Bio-medical Waste Unit, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi - 110 029
India

Unregulated biomedical waste management (BMWM) is a public health problem. This has posed a grave threat to not only human health and safety but also to the environment for the current and future generations. Safe and reliable methods for handling of biomedical waste (BMW) are of paramount importance. Effective BMWM is not only a legal necessity but also a social responsibility. This article reviews the current perspectives on BMWM and rules, conventions and the treatment technologies used worldwide. BMWM should ideally be the subject of a national strategy with dedicated infrastructure, cradle-to-grave legislation, competent regulatory authority and trained personnel. Improving the management of biomedical waste begins with waste minimisation. These standards, norms and rules on BMWM in a country regulate the disposal of various categories of BMW to ensure the safety of the health-care workers, patients, public and environment. Furthermore, developing models for the monitoring of hospital health-care waste practices and research into non-burn eco-friendly sustainable technologies, recycling and polyvinyl chloride-free devices will go in long way for safe carbon environment. Globally, greater research in BMWM is warranted to understand its growing field of public health importance.

How to cite this article:
Capoor MR, Bhowmik KT. Current perspectives on biomedical waste management: Rules, conventions and treatment technologies.Indian J Med Microbiol 2017;35:157-164

How to cite this URL:
Capoor MR, Bhowmik KT. Current perspectives on biomedical waste management: Rules, conventions and treatment technologies. Indian J Med Microbiol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Sep 26 ];35:157-164
Available from: http://www.ijmm.org/article.asp?issn=0255-0857;year=2017;volume=35;issue=2;spage=157;epage=164;aulast=Capoor;type=0