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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146-

Emergence of vibrio cholerae O139 in and around Hyderabad

AK Bilolikar1, SM Dass1, P Sarguna1, KN S Ramana2, A Rao1,  
1 Departments of Microbiogy, Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases, Hyderabad - 500 001, AP, India
2 Departments of Medicine, Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases, Hyderabad - 500 001, AP, India

Correspondence Address:
A K Bilolikar
Departments of Microbiogy, Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases, Hyderabad - 500 001, AP
India

How to cite this article:
Bilolikar A K, Dass S M, Sarguna P, Ramana KS, Rao A. Emergence of vibrio cholerae O139 in and around Hyderabad.Indian J Med Microbiol 2003;21:146-146

How to cite this URL:
Bilolikar A K, Dass S M, Sarguna P, Ramana KS, Rao A. Emergence of vibrio cholerae O139 in and around Hyderabad. Indian J Med Microbiol [serial online] 2003 [cited 2019 Sep 17 ];21:146-146
Available from: http://www.ijmm.org/text.asp?2003/21/2/146/8001

Full Text

Dear Editor,

Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae. Vibrio cholerae O139 emerged as a pathogen and has been reported from various parts of India.[1],[2],[3],[4] An outbreak of gastroenteritis occurred in June and July of 2000 and 2001 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh and in the neighbouring villages of other districts. In patients admitted for acute gastroenteritis at Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Tropical and Communicable Diseases (Fever Hospital), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh),Vibrio cholerae O139 along with Vibrio cholerae E1 Tor (Ogawa) were isolated from the stool cultures. A peak in isolation of Vibrio cholerae O139 was noticed in the months of June and July and 2000 and 2001 (Table:1). However, a few isolates were documented in the months of August to November.

Identification was done according to standard recommended procedures.[5] Most of them were sensitive to routinely tested antibiotics. A total of 91 strains of Vibrio cholerae O139 were isolated, identified and confirmed by NICED, kolkata, and NICD, Delhi. The present work reports the largest no. of isolates reported so far from one centre.

 Acknowledgements



Authors are grateful to Dr.T.Rammurthy, Deputy Director National Institute of Communicable and Enteric Diseases, (NICED) Calcutta and Dr. K.V. Chandrashekara, Deputy Director and Incharge Cholera and Diarrhoeal Diseases Lab, National Institute of Communicable Diseases, New Delhi, for serotyping.

References

1Jesudason MV, John TJ. The appearance and spread of Vibrio cholerae O139 in India. Indian J Med Res 1994;99:97-100.
2Jalgaonkar SV, Fule RP. Cholera out break due to Vibrio cholerae O139 in Yavatmal (Maharashtra) in March-July 1993. Indian J Med Res 1994;99:101-102.
3Lahiri KK, Ayyagari A. Vibrio cholerae O139 in Lucknow. Indian J Med Microbiol 1998;16(3):133.
4Ameeta J, Turbadkar D, Deshmukh A, Dalal PJ. Emergence of Vibrio cholerae O139 in Mumbai (Maharashtra, India). Indian J Med Microbiol 1999;17(4):198.
5Porter IA, Duguid JP. In (Mackie & McCartney. Practical Medical Microbiology), 13th ed. Collee JG, Duguid JP, Fraser AG, Marmion BP., Eds (Churchill Livingstone Co., Edinburgh) 1989:505.