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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78-86

Molecular capsular typing and multi locus sequence typing of invasive, non-invasive and commensal Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from North India

1 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Bimal Kumar Das
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_20_111

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Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, serotype distribution and sequence type (ST) of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from invasive and non-invasive infection and correlate it with isolates from commensal nasopharyngeal flora to ascertain their role in infection. Materials and Methods: S. pneumoniae isolates from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid and respiratory secretions (sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage and nasopharyngeal swab/throat swab) were analysed to determine ST, serotype and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Serotyping was performed by multiplex polymerase chain reactions as well as by quellung reaction. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was determined using Kirby Bauer's disc diffusion method as per the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Minimum inhibitory concentration was determined using E-test for penicillin. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was done to understand genetic relatedness and evolutionary relationship among strains. Results: A total of 125 S. pneumoniae isolates were collected, including 25 from invasive pneumococcal disease, 25 from non-invasive and 75 from nasopharyngeal swab of healthy children (Commensal). Resistance to penicillin, erythromycin, and co-trimoxazole was observed in 14.4%, 12% and 81.6% of the isolates, respectively, by KirbyBauer's disc diffusion method. Serotype 14 was found to be the most prevalent in invasive and non-invasive isolates, while serotype 6 was the most common in commensal isolates. New STs were found among invasive (ST13826, ST13827), non-invasive (ST13823, ST13824, and ST13961) and commensal (ST13825) isolates. Conclusion: MLST sequence analysis shows that invasive isolates were found to be clustered with non-invasive and commensal isolates. Analysis of MLST suggests the possibility of genetic relatedness and exchange of genetic material between invasive, non-invasive and commensal isolates.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

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