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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 110-116

Candidaemia in a tertiary care centre of developing country: Monitoring possible change in spectrum of agents and antifungal susceptibility

1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Paediatric Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy
Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_20_112

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Purpose: Candidaemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of hospitalised patients, especially in developing countries. This study was conducted to monitor any change in species distribution and antifungal susceptibility pattern of Candida species causing candidaemia over the last 20 years. Materials and Methods: The candidaemia cases reported during January 1999 and December 2018 at our centre were reviewed. The yeasts were identified by phenotypic characters (during 1999–2014) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) (during 2014–2018). Antifungal susceptibility testing (AFST) was performed in accordance with the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Results: A total of 602,963 blood samples from patients with suspected sepsis were processed. Candidaemia was diagnosed in 7927 (1.31%) cases. The frequency of cases rose significantly (P = 0.000) in the last quarter of the study. Candida tropicalis (40.1%) was the most common species, followed by Candida albicans (15.2%), Wickerhamomyces anomalus (13.1%), Candida krusei (6.6%), Candida parapsilosis (4.7%) and others. Rare species such as Candida auris, Candida lambica, Candida orthopsilosis, Candida vishwanathii were identified after the introduction of MALDI-TOF. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of amphotericin B rose significantly from the first to last quarter (0.5%–4.9%). Fluconazole resistance was fairly constant at 7.4%–8.8%. Conclusion: Local epidemiology of candidaemia at our centre was distinct regarding prevalence and change of spectrum of species. The identification of rare species was possible after the introduction of MALDI-TOF. With the emergence of multidrug-resistant C. auris and resistance in other species, routine AFST has become imperative.


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