Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology IAMM  | About us |  Subscription |  e-Alerts  | Feedback |  Login   
  Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 Home | Ahead of Print | Current Issue | Archives | Search | Instructions  
Users Online: 2910 Official Publication of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologists 
 ~   Next article
 ~   Previous article
 ~   Table of Contents

 ~   Similar in PUBMED
 ~  Search Pubmed for
 ~  Search in Google Scholar for
 ~Related articles
 ~   Citation Manager
 ~   Access Statistics
 ~   Reader Comments
 ~   Email Alert *
 ~   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed751    
    Printed20    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded63    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 

 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 387-392

Hepatitis B virus X protein: The X factor in chronic hepatitis B virus disease progression


1 Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Padma Srikanth
Department of Microbiology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_19_421

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common aetiological factor causing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBx gene plays an enigmatic role in HBV-related HCC. In this study we have analysed amino acid substitutions in HBx from HBV-infected individuals of different clinical stages. Materials and Methods: HBV-infected individuals (n = 93) were recruited in the study. DNA was extracted from plasma, amplified, and DNA sequencing was performed using specific primers targeting HBx gene (540 bp). Results: Among the study participants, 57% had chronic HBV infection, 30% had chronic liver disease (CLD) and 13% had HBV related HCC. Genotypes such as D1, D2, D3, A1, C2 and B2 were identified of which genotype D2 was predominant (78%). HBxC-terminal deletion was observed in four hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) negative participants with CLD. The frequency of aminoacid substitution in proapoptotic domain was higher in HBeAg negative participants including I127V (34%), K130M (34%), V131I (40%). The frequency of double mutation (K130M+V131I) and triple mutation (I127V+K130M+V131I) were found to be higher (32% and 36%) in HBeAg negative participants. Also, we identified L5M substitution (4.3%) in HBeAg positive participants with advanced liver disease. Conclusion: In HBx gene, aminoacid substitutions at positions 127, 130, 131 are associated with poor expression of HBeAg. We suggest screening for HBx aminoacid substitutions especially in patients with HBeAg negative chronic HBV infection to predict the clinical outcome and enable early treatment to prevent disease progression.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04