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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 357-363

Diagnostic accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF assay in extrapulmonary tuberculosis

1 Department of Microbiology, T.N. Medical College and B Y L Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 City TB Officer, Mumbai District Tuberculosis Control Society, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reena Set
Department of Microbiology, T.N. Medical College and B Y L Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_173

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Introduction: The WHO endorsed Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/rifampicin (MTB/RIF) assay, has been evaluated for pulmonary TB in a number of studies but very few have investigated it for extrapulmonary specimens. The present study evaluates the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay in the diagnosis of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study is to determine sensitivity and specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for diagnosis of EPTB and RIF resistance in comparison to culture on Lowenstein–Jensen (LJ) medium and proportion method (PM), respectively. Materials and Methods: A total of 738 specimens from clinically suspected cases of EPTB were subjected to Ziehl–Neelsen staining, Xpert MTB/RIF assay and culture on LJ medium. PM was done on MTB isolates. Results: The sensitivity, specificity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for diagnosis of EPTB were 84.91% (95% confidence interval [CI] 72.41%–93.25%) and 86.72% (95% CI 83.94%–89.17%) and for RIF resistance detection were 60.00% (95% CI 32.29%–83.66%) and 94.74% (95% CI 73.97%–99.87%), respectively. Among culture-positive cases, the sensitivity of Xpert MTB/RIF assay was 94.12% in smear positive and 80.56% in smear-negative cases. Xpert MTB/RIF showed maximum sensitivity of MTB detection from lymph node specimens (100% [95% CI 54.07%–100.00%]) and other body fluids (100% [95% CI 15.81%–100.00%]). Conclusion: The present study establishes Xpert MTB/RIF assay as a promising tool in the rapid diagnosis of EPTB and detection of RIF resistance.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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