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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 324-333

Legionella and Legionnaires' disease: Time to explore in India

1 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rama Chaudhry
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_298

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Legionella pneumophila was first recognised as a fatal cause of pneumonia more than four decades ago, during the 1976-American Legion convention in Philadelphia, USA. Legionella spp. continue to cause disease outbreaks of public health significance, and at present, Legionnaires' disease (LD) has emerged as an important cause of community and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Parallel to this, the understanding of LD has also increased exponentially. However, the disease is likely to be underreported in many countries because of the dearth of common definitions, diagnostic tests and active surveillance systems. In this review, we outline the basic concepts of Legionella including clinical presentations, epidemiology, laboratory diagnosis and the status of LD in India. This article also summarises the progress of research related to Legionella in this country, identifying the research gaps and discussing priorities to explore this unexplored pathogen in India.


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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

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