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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 580-584

Effect of Interleukin-28B polymorphism on Interleukin-28 expression and immunological recovery amongst HIV-1-infected individuals following antiretroviral therapy


1 Department of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Dermatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajesh Kannangai
Department of Clinical Virology, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_17_299

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Purpose: Type III interferon is well known to have diverse antiviral and immunomodulatory activities. Studies describing the association of interleukin (IL)-28 polymorphisms in treatment-experienced HIV participants are limited. This study was aimed to determine the association of IL-28B gene polymorphisms with immunological recovery in HIV patients on 6–9 months of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: Eighty treatment-naive HIV patients were recruited, of which 48 patients were followed up after 6–9 months of ART. Whole blood samples were collected before and after 6–9 months of ART. CD4, CD8 and CD3 counts were enumerated flow cytometry. IL-28B polymorphisms (rs12979860 and rs8099917) were profiled by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The IL-28 mRNA and plasma HIV-1 viral load were estimated using real-time PCR and plasma IL-28 level by ELISA. Results: The CD4, CD4/CD3%, IL-28 mRNA and reversal of CD4/CD8 ratio were significantly increased following 6–9 months of ART (P < 0.01). The rs12979860 CC genotype and rs12979860:rs8099917 (CC: TT) haplotype showed significant association with higher CD4+ T-cell count amongst treatment-naive HIV-infected individuals (P < 0.05). In addition, there was a significant association of rs12979860 CC genotype with increase in CD4/CD3% following 6–9 months of ART. IL-28 mRNA showed correlation with the HIV-1 viral load, and there was a significant increase in the IL-28 mRNA expression following 6–9 months of ART. Conclusion: Our preliminary findings suggest that IL-28 polymorphisms could influence both immunological recovery and therapeutic response in HIV infection. Hence, functional studies are warranted to understand the mechanistic basis of IL-28-mediated host genetic influence on HIV therapeutic response.






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