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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 469-479

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: From trivial to grievous


1 Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Biotechnology, Amar Shaheed Baba Ajit Singh Jujhar Singh Memorial College, Bela, Ropar, Punjab, India
3 Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Gautam
#229, Department of Medical Microbiology, 1st Floor, Research Block-A, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_16_430

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, once regarded as an organism of low virulence, has evolved as a significant opportunistic pathogen causing severe human infections in both hospital and community settings, especially amongst highly debilitated patients. Globally, S. maltophilia ranks third amongst the four most common pathogenic non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli (NFGNBs), others being Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc). The worth of accurate identification of S. maltophilia comes to the forefront as it needs to be differentiated from other NFGNBs such as Acinetobacter, P. aeruginosa and Bcc due to its inherently contrasting antibiotic susceptibility pattern. Consequently, its correct identification is essential as no single drug is amply effective against all NFGNBs, which hinders initiation of appropriate empirical treatment resulting in increased morbidity and mortality.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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