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 BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 421-425

Identification of carbapenemase-mediated resistance among Enterobacteriaceae bloodstream isolates: A molecular study from India


Department of Microbiology, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajni Gaind
Department of Microbiology, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi - 29
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_16_386

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Acquired resistance in carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) conferred by carbapenemases is a major concern worldwide. Consecutive, non-duplicate isolates of Escherichia coli (EC) and Klebsiella pneumoniae from clinically diagnosed bloodstream infections were screened for the presence of carbapenem resistance by standard disk-diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration breakpoints using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Carbapenemase-encoding genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Of 387 isolates (214 K. pneumoniae, 173 EC) tested, 93 (24.03%) were found to be CRE. Of these, 71 (76.3%) were positive for at least one tested carbapenemase gene. The frequency of carbapenemase genes was New Delhi metallo-β-lactamse-1 (65.6%), oxacillinase (OXA)-48 (24.7%), OXA-181 (23.6%), Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase (6.4%) and K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (2.1%). Our study identified presence of carbapenemases in a large proportion of CRE isolates. Delineation of resistance mechanisms is important in view of future therapeutics concerned with the treatment of CRE and for aiding control efforts by surveillance and infection control interventions.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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