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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 375-379

A cross-sectional study on aetiology of diarrhoeal disease, India


1 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh; Department of Microbiology, KLE University's, J N Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Belagavi, Karnataka; Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Microbiology, KLE University's, J N Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
4 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Belagavi, Karnataka, India
5 National Institute of Virology (ICMR), Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
S Roy
Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), Belagavi, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.188358

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Background: Global, regional and national estimates clearly place diarrhoeal diseases as a major, albeit to an extant neglected public health problem. Deaths of children aged <5 years owing to diarrhoea was estimated to be 1.87 million at the global level (uncertainty range from 1.56 to 2.19 million), which is approximately 19% of total child deaths. Objectives: The present report is a cross-sectional study undertaken to estimate the role of various aetiological agents causing diarrhoea in North Karnataka and adjoining areas of Maharashtra and Goa. Methods: Three hundred stool samples were collected from patients seeking health care at KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belgaum; and processed for detection of various bacterial, viral and parasitic agents. Results: Bacterial pathogens attributed to 65.7% of diarrhoea cases, followed by viral infection (22%), parasitic infection (16.3%) and infection by Candida spp. (5.6%). The study identified Escherichia coli in general and Enteropathogenic E. coli in particular, and Group A Rotavirus to be the most frequently isolated pathogens among diarrhoea patients. Conclusion: The data generated from the current study will help the health officials for better interventional and treatment strategies for diarrhoeal diseases.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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