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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 93-96

Susceptibility characterisation of Candida spp. to four essential oils


Post Graduate Department of Botany, North Orissa University, Baripada, Orissa, India

Correspondence Address:
C C Rath
Post Graduate Department of Botany, North Orissa University, Baripada, Orissa
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.150903

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In the present investigation, anti-Candida activity of four essential oils i.e. Black cumin (Nigella sativa), Curry leaf (Murraya koienigii), Ajwain (Trachiyspirum ammi), and Betel leaf (Piper betel) were screened against four human pathogenic species of Candida viz. Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the oils ranged between 15.62 and 250 μl/ml while studied through tube dilution method. The oils retained their anti-Candida activities even after heat treatment (at 45ΊC, 60ΊC, 100ΊC for 1 hour) and also on autoclaving. Both Ajwain and Black Cumin leaf oils showed better anti-Candida activity against Candida albicans, resulting in an irreversible damage to the cells. The anti-Candida activity of these essential oils could be attributable to the membrane inhibition mechanism. The activity of the oils is reported to be microbicidal (Candida-cidal).






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

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