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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 92-95

Detection of phospholipase activity of Candida albicans and non albicans isolated from women of reproductive age with vulvovaginal candidiasis in rural area


Department of Microbiology , Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
R P Fule
Department of Microbiology , Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi, Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.148392

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Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is most common accounting for 17 to 39% of symptomatic women. Both Candida albicans and non albicans Candida species are involved in VVC. Amongst various virulence factors proposed for Candida, extracellular phospholipases is one of the virulence factor implicated in its pathogenicity. With this background the present study was carried out to find the prevalence of different Candida species and to detect phospholipase producing strains isolated from symptomatic women with VVC. Materials and Methods: At least two vaginal swabs from 156 women of reproductive age with abnormal vaginal discharge were collected. Direct microscopy and Gram's stained smear examined for presence of budding yeast and pseudo mycelia followed by isolation and identification of Candida species. Extracellular phospholipase activity was studied by inoculating all isolates on Sabouraud's dextrose egg yolk agar (SDA) medium. Results: Of the 156 women with curdy white discharge alone or in combination with other signs, 59 (37.82%) women showed laboratory evidence of VVC. A total of 31 (52.54%) women had curdy white discharge followed by 12 (20.33%) with other signs and symptoms. C. albicans (62.59%) and non albicans Candida (37.28%) in a ratio of 1.68:1 were isolated. Of the 37 strains of C. albians 30 (81.08%) showed the enzyme activity. Seventeen (56.66%) strains showed higher Pz value of < 0.70 (++++). Conclusion: Although there may be typical clinical presentation of Candidiasis. all the patients did not show laboratory evidence of infection. Pregnancy was found to be major risk factor for development of VVC. C. albicans was prevalent species but non albicans species were also frequently isolated. Extracellular phospholipase activity was seen in C. albicans and not in non albicans Candida isolates.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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