|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 176
New intensive care unit and bacterial epidemiology
SQ Yu, HQ Zhou, LJ Liu
Intensive Care Unit, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
|Date of Submission||01-Sep-2013|
|Date of Acceptance||24-Apr-2014|
|Date of Web Publication||5-Jan-2015|
S Q Yu
Intensive Care Unit, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Yu S Q, Zhou H Q, Liu L J. New intensive care unit and bacterial epidemiology. Indian J Med Microbiol 2015;33:176
The scientific design and reasonable layout of intensive care unit (ICU) are important factors for prevention and control of nosocomial infections. ,, The effect of construction of new ICU on epidemiology of pathogenic microorganisms, especially for multi-resistance bacteria, are little reported.
In this study, a retrospective analysis was conducted on the strains of pathogenic bacteria from clinical specimens before and after the construction of a new ICU in our hospital. The clinical specimens were collected from the old ICU, from July to December 2008 and newly constructed ICU, from July to December 2009, respectively. The number of beds in the newly constructed ICU doubled in comparison with the old ICU. In all, 260 and 108 patients in the newly constructed ICU and old ICU were investigated, respectively. There was no significant difference of sex ratio (male/female), average age, and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE II) score between the two groups. The number of clinical strains of pathogenic bacteria in the newly constructed ICU (1794) was twice more than the old ICU (702). The lower respiratory tract aspirate and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and the drainage fluids of thoracic and abdominal cavities were the main sources of strains of pathogenic bacteria. There was no significant difference between the strain sources in two groups (P > 0.05). The proportion of blood-borne strains of pathogenic bacteria in newly constructed ICU (5%, 87/1794) was higher than that in previous ICU (2%, 18/702) (P < 0.05). The reasons may be due to the use of double aerobic bottle in the old ICU, but the use of double aerobic bottle combined with anaerobic bottle in newly constructed ICU can enhance the detection rate of pathogenic bacteria.  The proportion of Gram-positive strains of pathogenic bacteria in new ICU (14%, 245/1794) was lower than that in previous ICU (18%, 127/702) (P < 0.05), but it is contrary to the Gram-negative strains of the pathogenic bacteria (80% and 73%, respectively; P < 0.05). The proportions of detected Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Enterococcus faecium in Gram-positive strains of pathogenic bacteria in new ICU (18%, 45/245; 1%, 3/245) were lower than that in previous ICU (42%, 53/127; 13%, 16/127), respectively (P < 0.05) [Table 1].
The construction of new ICU has significant effect on the bacterial epidemiology, and the scientific design, and reasonable layout of ICU are conducive to prevention and control of nosocomial infections.
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