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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 423-430

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi plasmid pR ST98 -mediated inhibition of autophagy promotes bacterial survival in infected fibroblasts


1 Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou; Anhui Key Laboratory for Infection and Immunity, Bengbu, China
2 Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
R Huang
Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.103763

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pR ST98 is a chimeric plasmid isolated from Salmonella enterica serovar typhi (S. typhi) and mediates both drug-resistance and virulence of S. typhi. Autophagy has been recently reported as an important component of the innate immune response against intracellular pathogen. In this study, we investigated the effect of pR ST98 on cellular autophagy, apoptosis and bacterial survival in infected fibroblasts. S. typhi strain ST 8 carrying pR ST98 , Salmonella typhimurium strain SR-11 carrying a 100 Kb virulent plasmid, and avirulent S. typhi strain ST 10 without plasmid were tested in this experiment. Results showed that embryonic fibroblasts infected with ST 8 containing pR ST98 had decreased autophagy accompanied by increased bacterial survival and apoptosis. Further study showed that autophagy inducer rapamycin reversed pR ST98 -mediated inhibition of autophagy and reduced apoptosis in infected fibroblasts. Our data indicate that pR ST98 can inhibit autophagy, thus facilitating S. typhi survival and promoting apoptosis of host cells. This study contributes to understanding the underlying mechanism of pR ST98 -mediated virulence in S. typhi.






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