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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 384-390

Emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistance: A global problem


Infectious Disease Biology, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar-751 023, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
D V Singh
Infectious Disease Biology, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar-751 023, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, grant no: SR/SO/HS-117/2007 to DVS, DST-WOS-A grant no: SR/WOS-A/208/2009 to RC, and fund contributed by Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi to Institute of Life Sciences, Bhubaneswar., Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 23183460

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Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in clinical health settings. Interestingly the origin of many of antibiotic resistance mechanisms can be traced back to non-pathogenic environmental organisms. Important factors leading to the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance include absence of regulation in the use of antibiotics, improper waste disposal and associated transmission of antibiotic resistance genes in the community through commensals. In this review, we discussed the impact of globalisation on the transmission of antibiotic resistance genes in bacteria through immigration and export/import of foodstuff. The significance of surveillance to define appropriate use of antibiotics in the clinic has been included as an important preventive measure.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04