Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology IAMM  | About us |  Subscription |  e-Alerts  | Feedback |  Login   
  Print this page Email this page   Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 Home | Ahead of Print | Current Issue | Archives | Search | Instructions  
Users Online: 2561 Official Publication of Indian Association of Medical Microbiologists 
 ~   Next article
 ~   Previous article
 ~   Table of Contents

 ~   Similar in PUBMED
 ~  Search Pubmed for
 ~  Search in Google Scholar for
 ~Related articles
 ~   Citation Manager
 ~   Access Statistics
 ~   Reader Comments
 ~   Email Alert *
 ~   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed9673    
    Printed552    
    Emailed9    
    PDF Downloaded1169    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 12    

Recommend this journal

 

 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 264-269

Invasive candidiasis: A review of nonculture-based laboratory diagnostic methods


Department of Microbiology, Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat 13110, Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
Z Khan
Department of Microbiology, Medicine, Kuwait University, Safat 13110
Kuwait
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.99482

Rights and Permissions

Invasive candidiasis is a life-threatening complication of critically ill immunocompromised patients with high attributable mortality. Due to non-specific clinical presentation, early detection of candidemia and accurate identification of Candida species are essential pre-requisites for improved therapeutic outcome. Since blood culture-based methods lack sensitivity and species-specific identification by conventional methods is time-consuming, detection of immunological and molecular markers has provided an alternative for early diagnosis of invasive candidiasis. Additionally, serial estimations of these biomarkers have provided opportunities to monitor response to therapy and initiate pre-emptive therapy in suspected patients before clinical signs appear. Antigen-based methods include detection of β-D-glucan, a panfungal marker, and Candida mannan, a genus-specific marker. Although both these markers have moderate sensitivity, they provide a useful adjunct to the diagnosis if performed in select patient population in parallel for exclusion of false positive/negative results. A negative β-D-glucan test on at least two occasions has a high negative predictive value. Concomitant detection of Candida mannan and anti-mannan antibodies has sensitivity of ~70% before blood cultures become positive. Significant advances have also been made in nucleic acid-based detection methods, including a commercial real-time PCR assay (SeptiFast) for detection of five major clinically important Candida spp. in blood specimens within 6 h. Furthermore, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry enables species-specific identification of yeast isolates within an hour. While these immunological and molecular tools mark a significant advance towards early and specific diagnosis of candidemia and invasive candidiasis, further evaluation of these approaches in different clinical settings is warranted.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04