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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 260-263

Neonatal melioidosis: A case report from India


1 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry 605 006, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry 605 006, India

Correspondence Address:
B N Harish
Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry 605 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.53213

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Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei , is an infectious disease of major public health importance in Southeast Asia and Australia. We report, for the first time from the Indian subcontinent, a case of melioidosis in a neonate, its clinical presentation, microbiological diagnosis, possible mode of transmission and outcome. A pre-term female baby developed respiratory distress soon after birth. The child was febrile, had tachypnea, grunting, normal heart rate with a low pulse volume and poor peripheral perfusion. Chest X-ray revealed right-sided bronchopneumonia. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the blood culture of the neonate collected aseptically. The neonate was successfully treated with meropenem.






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