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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 191-201

Role of Borna Disease Virus in neuropsychiatric illnesses : Are we inching closer ?


Department of Microbiology, IHBAS, Dilshad Garden, Delhi-110 095, India

Correspondence Address:
R Thakur
Department of Microbiology, IHBAS, Dilshad Garden, Delhi-110 095
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.53200

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The biological cause of psychiatric illnesses continues to be under intense scrutiny. Among the various neurotropic viruses, Borna disease virus (BDV) is another virus that preferentially targets the neurons of the limbic system and has been shown to be associated with behavioural abnormalities. Presence of various BDV markers, including viral RNA, in patients with affective and mood disorders have triggered ongoing debate worldwide regarding its aetiopathogenic relationship. This article analyses its current state of knowledge and recent advances in diagnosis in order to prove or refute the association of BDV in causation of human neuropsychiatric disorders. This emerging viral causative association of behavioural disorders, which seems to be inching closer, has implication not only for a paradigm shift in the treatment and management of neuropsychiatric illnesses but also has an important impact on the public health systems.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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