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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-49

Diagnostic potential of IS6110, 38kDa, 65kDa and 85B sequence-based polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical samples


Tuberculosis Laboratory, Microbiology Division, National Institute of Communicable Diseases, New Delhi - 110 054, India

Correspondence Address:
S Gupta
Tuberculosis Laboratory, Microbiology Division, National Institute of Communicable Diseases, New Delhi - 110 054
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0255-0857.31061

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Purpose: The correlation between the presence of specific gene sequence of M. tuberculosis and specific diagnosis of clinical tuberculosis is not known. This study compared the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of M . tuberculosis specific DNA sequences (IS6110, 65kDa, 38kDa and mRNA coding for 85 B protein) from different clinical samples of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: One hundred and seventy-two clinical samples from suspected tuberculosis patients were tested for smear examination, culture (LJ and rapid BACTEC 460 TB system) and PCR. PCR was performed with specific primers for the targets: IS6110, 65kDa, 38kDa and 85B. Results: Each PCR test was found to have a much higher positivity than conventional test and BACTEC culture ( P <0.05). Smear positive samples (56) and the samples (36) showing positive results by conventional methods (smear and LJ medium culture) and BACTEC were found to be positive by all PCR protocols. No significant difference was found between the four PCR protocols ( P >0.05). The primer specific for amplifying the 123bp IS6110 fragment gave the highest positivity (83%), followed by 65kDa, 38kDa and 85B RT-PCR in descending order. Conclusions: These data suggest that the presence of IS6110 correlates more closely with the diagnosis of clinical tuberculosis than that of 65kDa, 38kDa and 85B proteins.






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2004 - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow

Online since April 2001, new site since 1st August '04