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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 78-80

Spectrum of opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected cases in a tertiary care hospital


Department of Microbiology and Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical

Correspondence Address:
A Ayyagari
Department of Microbiology and Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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ABSTRACT: Patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) usually suffer from opportunistic infections leading to high mortality and morbidity. The types of pathogens in such infections vary from region to region. The spectrum of these pathogens in HIV infected patients is not clear in northern India. A total of 46 HIV infected patients were screened for various pathogens. These patients were HIV positive by at least two of the following enzyme immuno assay kits; Span, Merind, Span Dot Blot. They presented with diverse symptoms like weight loss, prolonged fever chronic diarrhoea and, dysphagia. Male to female ratio was 20:3. Majority of the patients (n=35) were between 21-40 years of age. A total of 36 pathogens were detected in 28 (61 percent) of patients, 21(75 percent) patients had single pathogen and 7 (25 percent) had dual pathogens Mycobacterium tuberculosis was the commonest isolate (13/36; 36 percent) followed by Candida species (10/36; 27.8 percent), Isospora belli (6/36; 16.6 percent). The present study shows that tuberculosis is the commonest opportunistic infection among HIV infected among HIV infected patients followed by candidiasis, isosporiasis and cryptococcosis.(78-80)






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