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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 152-153

Studies of the prevalence of acanthamoeba keratitis in and around Chennai


Department of Microbiology, Dr. AL Mudaliar Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani, Chennai 600 113

Correspondence Address:
F Davamani
Department of Microbiology, Dr. AL Mudaliar Post Graduate Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Madras, Taramani, Chennai 600 113

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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ABSTRACT: Between June 1996 and November 1997, corneal scrapings from 2212 patients with keratitis attending the Govt. Regional scrapings from Hospital, Chennai were screened for different pathogens including Acanthamoeba. Of these, 563 (25.4 percent) were positive for bacterial pathogens, 660 (29.8 percent) had fungal pathogens. Acanthamoeba was present from 372 cases in 44 (2 percent) which fulfilled the criteria for suspecting Acanthamoeba keratitis. These were distributed among all ages with the maximum numbers in the 41-60 age group. Among 44 Acanthamoeba positive cases, 30 were males and 14 females. None of the patients wore contact lenses and were mostly agricultural labourers. The predisposing factors found in this study was trauma of varying degrees. Among these 44 Acanthamoeba positive cases, 18(40.9 percent) has associated bacterial pathogens while 12(27.83 percent) hand fungi and 2(4.5 percent) had both bacteria and fungi. Acanthamoeba was the only pathogen in 12(27.3 percent) cases.






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