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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 101-104

Transmission of blood borne pathogens from health care workers patients


Dept. of Child Health, Christian Medical College, and Hospital, Vellore-632004, India

Correspondence Address:
T Cherian
Dept. of Child Health, Christian Medical College, and Hospital, Vellore-632004
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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ABSTRACT: Blood borne pathogens such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may potentially be transmitted from health care workers (HCWs) to their patients. However, the risk of transmission of HBV is low and of HCV and HIV is extremely low. While there are several reports of transmission of HBV from HCWs to patients, there are very limited reports of such transmission of HCV and HIV. Available data on HBV transmission suggest that certain invasive procedures are associated with a higher risk of transmission than others. While the use of universal precautions has been shown to limit the transmission of infection from HCW to patient, transmission has occurred even when such precaution were taken. The risk of transmission of HBV, HCV and HIV from HCWs to patients are reviewed and guidelines for the prevention of such transmission are suggested.






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