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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 58-60

Study of mycotic keratitis in Goa


Department of Microbiology and opthalmology, Goa Medical College, Bambolim Goa 403 202

Correspondence Address:
MP Verenkar
Department of Microbiology and opthalmology, Goa Medical College, Bambolim Goa 403 202

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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ABSTRACT: This study included 128 cases of corneal ulcers, based on clinical suspicion alone. Fifty four cases were diagnosed as mycotic keratitis. Mycological analysis on all 128 cases revealed that the 74 cases which were clinically non mycotic, were negative for fungal culture. Out of 54 clinically suspected cases, fungal etiology was proven in 21 patients; the incidence of mycotic keratitis being 38.9 percent. Fungi were isolated in 16 cases (29.6 percent). KOH wet mount showed presence of hyphal elements in an additional 5 ases. Aspergillus species inclusive of A. fumigatus (48.7 percent) and A. niger (12.5 percent) were the predominant fungal agents isolated. The other fungi isolated were Fusarium spp. (12.5 percent). Mucor spp (12.5 percent), Penicillium spp. (12.5 percent) and Curvularia spp. (6.3 percent). In our locality, mycotic keratitis frequently occurred in elderly patients pursuing agricultural occupation, who were exposed to risk of corneal trauma. Injudicious use of steroids/antibiotic preparations and herbal medicines were contributory factors.






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